HAMMOND, Frank, D/KX 91967, Stoker 1st Class.
He was born in 1915 at Darlaston the son of Thomas and Ruth Hammond.
Frank married Florence Beatrice Johnson in the summer of 1936 at Wednesbury, Staffs.
According to the records he was serving on HMS Tamar*, this was the Royal Navy’s shore base at Hong Kong which was captured when the colony surrendered to the Japanese on Christmas Day 1941.
He became a prisoner of war and was held in Shamshuipo Camp, Kowloon. In 1942 it was decided to move the prisoners to camps in Japan. They were ferried out by lighter to the Japanese ship Lisbon Maru and on the 27th September the ship set sail for Japan.
On the 1st October the American submarine USS Grouper sighted a 7,000 ton Japanese steamer and fired 6 torpedoes, 5 missed but one hit the bow of the ship, the ship was the Lisbon Maru with 1,816 British Prisoners of War in its 3 holds.
The ship stayed afloat for about 26 hours with the prisoners locked in the holds without access to food water or latrines. Those that tried to escape were fired on by their captors but as the Lisbon Maru began to sink many did manage to abandon ship. Some were picked up by Japanese naval vessels others made it to some islands a few miles away, where they were quickly rounded up. All of the survivors were taken to Shanghai where, on the 5th October, a roll-call showed that 970 had survived but 846 had perished. Another 200 were to die in the first winter in Japan.
Frank Hammond died on the 2nd October 1942 aged 27.
He has no known Grave and is remembered on Plymouth Naval Memorial, England.
*The old warship that gave its name to the base was scuttled off Hong Kong harbour on the 12th December 1941 when it became clear that the colony would fall.