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PHILLIPS, Harold, James, P/SSX 24697 Able Seaman.
H.M.S. Glowworm, Royal Navy.

He was born in the summer of 1920 at Walsall, Staffs, the son of Arthur and Eliza Phillips (nee Hardwick).

He joined the navy at the beginning of the war.

Harold was killed in action in one of the iconic actions of the war.

H.M.S. Glowworm, a ‘G’ class destroyer, set sail for Norwegian waters on April 5th 1940 as part of a force intending to intercept the expected German invasion of Norway. On the 8th of April, Glowworm emerged from the rain to be confronted by the German Heavy Cruiser Hipper. Vastly outgunned and dwarfed by the Hipper, Lieutenant Commander Roope made smoke to try and hide from the Hipper as she carried out torpedo attacks. Ten were fired but all failed to hit the Hipper. By now, Glowworm had already received numerous hits from Hipper’s main and secondary armament. It was at this point that Lieutenant Commander Roope decided that there was no alternative other than to attempt to ram tearing off 100 feet of armoured belt. Glowworm backed away and Lieutenant Commander Roope opened the sea cocks to ensure Glowworm would sink. Hipper’s Captain, Helmuth Heye, brought his vessel to a halt in such a position that any survivors would drift towards the Hipper. Of Glowworm’s crew of 149, only 31 were rescued. They were treated well by the Captain and crew of the Hipper. Lieutenant Commander Roope’s action in taking on the Hipper was recognised by the award of the Victoria Cross. Uniquely, the recommendation for the award came from Captain Heye via the British Red Cross.

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Harold Phillips was killed in action on the 8th April 1940, he was just 19 years old.

He has no grave but the sea and is remembered on Portsmouth Naval Memorial.

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All 376 names recorded on Darlaston War Memorial have now been added to

DARLASTON REMEMBERS.

Each of them has their own page which can be searched for by typing the surname required into the ‘White brush-stroke’ at the bottom of the left-hand column.

Just type over the words ‘search this site’ and click on the black arrow.

 

There are 271 men on the WWI plaques.

264 Army.

4 Royal Navy.

1 Royal Marine.

2 Unknown service.*

 

There are 93 service men and women on the WWII plaque.

55 Army.

17 Royal Navy.

10 Royal Air Force.

11 Unknown Service.*

 

There are 12 civilians on the WWII plaque.

 The aim is to identify all those marked * and remove this category.

This site is not finished and will never be finished as long as further information is being found for all those who paid the ultimate price.

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DEATH CARD F

COOPER, Alfred, 12739, Private.

S Staffs

2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment.

He was born in 1882 at Darlaston the son of Thomas and Emma Cooper.

He enlisted at Wolverhampton and was first posted to France on the 8th February 1915.

He was killed in action on the 10th March 1915 aged 33.

He has no known grave and is remembered on the Le Touret Memorial, France.

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Alfred was entitled to the 1914-15 Star, War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

At the time of the 1911 census Thomas and three of his children are living at 18, New St, Darlaston. For some reason Alfred is listed as Frederick. His mother is not listed with them in either the 1901 or 1911 census.

Thomas Cooper. H (70)

Frederick Cooper. S (27) Stamping Puller in Iron works.

Harriet Cooper. D (24)

Samuel Cooper. S (21)

When he died his mother was living at  9, Horton St, Darlaston.

2 Hammond, F

HAMMOND, Frank, D/KX 91967, Stoker 1st Class.

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He was born in 1915 at Darlaston the son of Thomas and Ruth Hammond.

Frank married Florence Beatrice Johnson in the summer of 1936 at Wednesbury, Staffs.

According to the records he was serving on HMS Tamar*, this was the Royal Navy’s shore base at Hong Kong which was captured when the colony surrendered to the Japanese on Christmas Day 1941.

He became a prisoner of war and was held in Shamshuipo Camp, Kowloon. In 1942 it was decided to move the prisoners to camps in Japan. They were ferried out by lighter to the Japanese ship Lisbon Maru and on the 27th September the ship set sail for Japan.

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On the 1st October the American submarine USS Grouper sighted a 7,000 ton Japanese steamer and fired 6 torpedoes, 5 missed but one hit the bow of the ship, the ship was the Lisbon Maru with 1,816 British Prisoners of War in its 3 holds.

The ship stayed afloat for about 26 hours with the prisoners locked in the holds without access to food water or latrines. Those that tried to escape were fired on by their captors but as the Lisbon Maru began to sink many did manage to abandon ship. Some were picked up by Japanese naval vessels others made it to some islands a few miles away, where they were quickly rounded up. All of the survivors were taken to Shanghai where, on the 5th October, a roll-call showed that 970 had survived but 846 had perished. Another 200 were to die in the first winter in Japan.

Frank Hammond died on the 2nd October 1942 aged 27.

He has no known Grave and is remembered on Plymouth Naval Memorial, England.

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NOTES.

*The old warship that gave its name to the base was scuttled off Hong Kong harbour on the 12th December 1941 when it became clear that the colony would fall.

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ALDRITT, William, 37907, Private.

10th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby) Regiment.

He was born in 1893 at Darlaston the son of William and Sarah Alldritt.

William may have been married.

He enlisted on the 17th March 1916 at Lichfield and was posted to France on the 9th July 1916.

He was killed in action on the 11th October 1917 aged 24.

He has no known grave and is remembered on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.

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The TYNE COT MEMORIAL now bears the names of 34,949 officers and men whose graves are not known.

William was entitled to the War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

His address when he enlisted and at the time of his death was the family home at 19, Factory St, Darlaston.

There may be an error on the Memorial as most other records spell the name as Alldritt.

S Staffs

ALLSOPP, Harry, 11128, Private.

2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment.

He was born in 1877 at Darlaston the son of Henry and Lucy Allsopp.

Harry married Jane Brough in 1900 at Darlaston.

He enlisted at Wolverhampton.

He was killed in action on the 12th June 1917 aged 40.

He has no known grave and is remembered on the Arras Memorial, France.

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Harry was entitled to the War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

The 1911 census finds them living at 39, New St, Bridgetown, Cannock, Staffs.

Harry Allsopp. H (34) Miner Loader.

Jane Allsopp. W (39)

Harry Allan, Nephew, (26)

 

By the time of his death they were living at Ct2 Hs4, Walsall St, Darlaston.

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ANSLOW, Samuel, 017733, Driver.

Army Service Corps.

He was born in 1897 at Darlaston the son of John and Alice Anslow.

He enlisted at Darlaston and his first overseas deployment was to Gallipoli where he landed on the 11th November 1915.

Samuel married Florence Mansey in 1918, they may have had 1 son.

He was discharged from service into Class Z* reserves on the 10th February 1919.

He died on the 23rd (?) and was buried on the 27th April 1922 in James Bridge Cemetery, Darlaston.

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Samuel was entitled to the 1914-15 Star, War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

From the 1911 census we see that the family are living at Ct4, Hs8, New St, Darlaston.

Alice Anslow. H (33)

Samuel Anslow. S (13) Barber’s assistant.

John Anslow. S (1)

Mary Anslow. D (8)

Alice Anslow. D (5)

Matthew Anslow. S (3)

 

His address at the time of his death was 53, Booth St, Darlaston.

He does not have an official War Grave.

* Class Z was those who were no longer capable of being a soldier, usually through wounds or illness.

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ASH, Joseph, 4908, Private.

18th Cyclist Battalion, Army Cyclist Corps.

He was born in 1894 at Darlaston.

He enlisted at Wolverhampton and was originally 10870, South Staffordshire Regiment.

His first foreign posting was to Gallipoli where he arrived on the 6th August 1915.

He died of wounds on the 3rd April 1918.

He is buried in Plot P. VII. I. 5B. St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France.

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Joseph was entitled to the 1914-15 Star, War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

From the 1901 census he seems to be an inmate at the Poor Law (Workhouse) School at West Bromwich, Staffs.

At the time of the 1911 census he is a boarder at 34, Bush St, Darlaston.

James Orgill. H (40)

Elizabeth Orgill. W (39)

Dora Orgill. D (11)

James Orgill. S (9)

Elizabeth Orgill. D (5)

Joseph Ash. Boarder (17) General labourer at Bolt & Nut works.

 

When he enlisted he was living at Pleck, Walsall.

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ASTON, William Charles E, 83308, Private.

RAMC

36th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps.

He was born in 1896 at Darlaston, he was the only son of William Charles and Mary Maria Aston.

He enlisted at Darlaston.

He was killed in action on the 21st August 1916 aged 20.

He is buried in Plot I. F. 27. Faubourg D’Amiens Cemetery, Arras, France.

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His parents had the following inscribed on his headstone.

ONLY A LAD

YET PROVED HIMSELF A MAN

LOVING, DUTIFUL, PATRIOTIC

William was entitled to the War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

From the 1911 census we see that the family was living at 4, Jubilee Buildings, The Green, Darlaston.

William Charles Aston. H (55)

Mary Maria Aston. W (55)

Florence Aston. D (30)

Violet Aston. D (26)

William Charles Aston. S (14) Warehouse hand, Padlocks.

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ATKINS, Charles, 260356. Private.

3rd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment.

He was born at Birmingham

Charles married Emma Figures in 1915 at Aston.

He enlisted at Birmingham and was originally 2014, Worcestershire Yeomanry

He was killed in action on the 20th September 1918 aged 29.

He was buried in Plot I. E. 1. Rue-des-Berceaux Militery Cemetery, France.

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His widow had the following inscribed on his headstone.

THERE’S A SECRET SIGH

A SILENT TEAR

SHED FOR THOSE

WE LOVED SO DEAR

Charles was entitled to the War Medal and Victory Medal.

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NOTES.

At the time of his death they were living at 616, Washwood Heath Rd., Ward End, Birmingham.

Not sure of his link to Darlaston but he is registered there for the separation allowance for his wife!